Benefits of Indoor Farming Most people nowadays are practicing indoor farming techniques in their homes with its increased popularity. A constant increase in population poses problems such as food scarcity which can be solved simply by practicing vertical or indoor farming. Indoor farming mainly uses hydroponics. In this technique, plants are allowed to grow on a medium that contains no soil which uses mineral solutions to ensure that the plants are well fed and watered. Indoor farming utilizes artificial lighting in order to provide light for the plants for photosynthesis. One major benefit of this technique is that crops that are grown can be harvested throughout the year as they are grown indoors. They are safe from environmental effects such as drought and flooding so that the crops can be grown during such seasons. Indoor farming techniques also allows crops to grow in a tent without any pests to damage them. This way, post-harvest spoilage of crops is minimized. The crops here are not exposed to any pests hence one doesn’t need to use chemicals such as pesticides. Vertical farming is carried out in used warehouses, shipping containers or skyscrapers. Vertical farming involved practices such as fertigation, controlled lighting as well as environmental control. The techniques used in indoor or vertical farming are pretty similar to those applied in greenhouses especially with artificial lighting. With vertical farming, one can be able to enjoy reliable harvests all-round the year. Vertical farming uses consistent growing cycles which are very reliable and allow commercial growers to stick to delivery schedules and supply contracts. In vertical farming, there are neither crop losses nor seasonal crops. Environmental factors such as diseases or pests are also eliminated in vertical farming. Unlike greenhouses, vertical farm systems produce nearly ten times more growing area for crops. Due to this reason, cost-effective farming installations are used in under-utilized environments such as warehouses, industrial estates and other environments.
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Multiple crop rotations are provided by vertical farming unlike those produced through other farming techniques such as regular farming. Crop cycles in indoor farming are faster since factors such as temperature, humidity and light are controlled. A wide variety of crops can be produced through indoor farming including basil, spinach, lettuce, endives, kale and many more. Advanced technology methods are integrated into this farming technique in order to control the amount of air, water and nutrition for plants. This helps to provide the optimum growing conditions required for the crops to grow and mature.
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There are minimum overhead costs that are incurred as this farming technique utilizes LED technology that uses minimum power to ensure maximum plant growth. Minimal labor is required as manpower is only required for planting, harvesting as well as crop packaging while everything else is automated.